Ohio Resource Center
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Earth and Space Sciences Assessment Items
 
This mini-collection contains the released Earth and Space Sciences items from the 2007 and 2008 administration of the Ohio Achievement Test for grade 5 science.

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Desert Canyon (ORC#: 10668)
This extended response question asks students to examine a diagram of a desert canyon and identify one slow process and one rapid process that could have helped shape the canyon and provide evidence of both of these processes from the diagram. Students must recall how the processes that shape Earth are both slow (e.g., erosion, weathering, deposition) and fast (e.g., earthquakes, landslides) and know what would provide evidence of these processes. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Earth's Position Around the Sun (ORC#: 10669)
This multiple choice question asks students to use a diagram to predict where Earth will be positioned in its orbit around the sun after a given amount of time. Students must understand that Earth orbits the sun in a predictable way and recall that Earth travels around the sun once every 12 months. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Pattern of Day and Night (ORC#: 10677)
This multiple choice question asks students to identify what portion of Earth experiences night at the same time. Students must know about:
  • the characteristics, cycles and patterns of the Earth and its place in the solar system
  • that Earth's rotation on its axis causes day and night
  • that the shape of Earth is nearly spherical resulting in one half of Earth facs toward the sun at any time
  • that the half of Earth that faces toward the sun experiences day while the half of Earth that faces away from the sun experiences night. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Percent of Earth Covered by the Ocean (ORC#: 10679)
This multiple choice question asks students to identify how much of Earth’s surface is covered by the ocean. Students must know some characteristics of the Earth and that approximately 70% of Earth’s surface is covered by a layer of water. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Relative Size of Stars (ORC#: 10690)
This multiple choice question asks students to explain why stars seem smaller in the night sky compared to the sun. Students must recall that the sun is the closest star to Earth while other stars are much farther away from Earth. They should understand that even though other stars may be bigger, they look smaller because they are much farther away. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Weather Prediction (ORC#: 10695)
This multiple choice question asks students to recognize what weather observation is most likely just before a heavy snowstorm occurs. Students must recall that certain types of clouds accompany particular patterns of weather. (author)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Cause of Day and Night (ORC#: 10696)
This multiple choice question asks students to identify the cause of day and night on Earth. Students must know about Earth's cycles and patterns, its place in the solar system, and that the pattern of day and night is caused by the rotation of Earth on its axis. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Location of Earth in Solar System (ORC#: 11874)

This multiple choice question asks students to identify the location of Earth from a partial drawing of the solar system. Students need to know that Earth is the third planet from the sun. (author/cb)


   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Processes that Shape the Earth's Surface (ORC#: 11878)

This multiple choice question asks students to examine several processes that shape the Earth and determine which one would represent a rapid change. Students must recall that earthquakes are rapid processes which move land and rocks. (author/cb)


   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Cloud Type (ORC#: 11881)

This multiple choice question asks students to examine a weather map and determine what type of clouds must be in the sky above Chillicothe. According to the map Chillicothe is experiencing rain and thunderstorms. The clouds that are responsible for that type of weather are cumulonimbus. (author/cb)


   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Cause of Day and Night (ORC#: 11885)

This multiple choice question asks students to identify which motion causes the pattern of day and night on Earth. As Earth rotates on its axis, the sun illuminates roughly one half of Earth, resulting in day. The other half remains dark, resulting in night. (author/cb)


   
Rock Samples Cluster Questions
Students refer to a table with information about rock characteristics and rely on their understanding of Earth processes to answer the four questions in this cluster.

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Sedimentary Rock (ORC#: 10697)
This multiple choice question asks students to identify which is a sedimentary rock based on information in a Rock Sample data table. Students should recall that different types of rock have distinct characteristics that can be observed. Students refer to the descriptions provided in the table to determine which of the specimens is a sedimentary rock. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Comparing Different Rock Samples (ORC#: 10698)
This multiple choice question asks students to identify how the conglomerate rock sample is different from the other rock samples in a Rock Sample table. Students must refer to the Rock Sample table, note similarities and differences in the rock samples, and observe that the conglomerate rock sample has other rocks and pebbles in it. (author/ts)

   
ODE Assessment Grade 5: Earth and Space Sciences, Weathering (ORC#: 10699)
This multiple choice question asks students to select the natural process that is wearing away the faces on Mount Rushmore. Students are provided with information about Mount Rushmore and must recall that erosion and weathering are responsible for changing the surface of rock over time. (author/ts)