Ohio Resource Center
Assessments
NAEP Assessment Item, Grade 4: Interpret a Table
Discipline
Mathematics
3, 4
Professional Commentary

Students solve a word problem using estimation or addition and numbers read from a chart. They have the option of using a calculator. This multiple-choice question is a sample test item used in grade 4 in the 1992 National Assessment of Educational Progress (see About NAEP). The URL link (above) takes the user directly to the NAEP test item, with access to performance data by various subgroups of students, a scoring key, and discussion of the content on which the item is based. The NAEP website allows users to build their own printable database of test items by clicking on Add Question in the upper right hand corner of the screen. NAEP Reference Number:1992-4M12, No. 8. (sw)

Ohio Mathematics Academic Content Standards (2001)
Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard
Benchmarks (3–4)
J.
Estimate the results of whole number computations using a variety of strategies, and judge the reasonableness.
L.
Use a variety of methods and appropriate tools (mental math, paper and pencil, calculators) for computing with whole numbers.
12.
Add and subtract whole numbers with and without regrouping.
15.
Evaluate the reasonableness of computations based upon operations and the numbers involved; e.g., considering relative size, place value and estimates
9.
Estimate the results of computations involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals, using a variety of strategies.
13.
Use a variety of methods and appropriate tools for computing with whole numbers; e.g., mental math, paper and pencil, and calculator.
Data Analysis and Probability Standard
Benchmarks (3–4)
B.
Read and interpret tables, charts, graphs (bar, picture, line, line plot), and timelines as sources of information, identify main idea, draw conclusions, and make predictions.
4.
Support a conclusion or prediction orally and in writing, using information in a table or graph.
2.
Represent and interpret data using tables, bar graphs, line plots and line graphs.
5.
Propose and explain interpretations and predictions based on data displayed in tables, charts and graphs.
Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
Number and Operations Standard
Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates
Expectations (3–5)
develop and use strategies to estimate the results of whole-number computations and to judge the reasonableness of such results;
select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.
Data Analysis and Probability Standard
Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data
Expectations (3–5)
propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data and design studies to further investigate the conclusions or predictions.