Ohio Resource Center
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Lessons
Martian Mummies
Discipline
Science
Grades
9, 10
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Professional Commentary

In this simulation futuristic scientists have sent a spaceship to Mars for research and exploration. While collecting geological samples for analysis, explorers discover the ruins of an ancient civilization and six mummified bodies! Biology students are asked to perform blood tests to determine the Martian's blood type and if the Martians are related. Complete instructions for mixing the solutions that serve as "Martian blood" and the two anti-serums are included. This highly engaging approach to blood type requires students to apply what they have previously learned about multiple alleles, dominant and recessive traits, and pedigrees.(author/ts)


Next Generation Science Standards (2012)
Scientific and Engineering Practices
 
Analyzing and interpreting data
 
Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)
Ohio Science Academic Content Standards (2010)
High School
Biology
Heredity
Genetic mechanisms and inheritance
Ohio Science Academic Content Standards (2002)
Life Sciences
Benchmarks (9–10)
C.
Explain the genetic mechanisms and molecular basis of inheritance.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 10)
6.
Explain that a unit of hereditary information is called a gene, and genes may occur in different forms called alleles (e.g., gene for pea plant height has two alleles, tall and short).
Scientific Inquiry
Benchmarks (9–10)
A.
Participate in and apply the processes of scientific investigation to create models and to design, conduct, evaluate and communicate the results of these investigations.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 9)
6.
Draw logical conclusions based on scientific knowledge and evidence from investigations.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 10)
4.
Draw conclusions from inquiries based on scientific knowledge and principles, the use of logic and evidence (data) from investigations.
National Science Education Standards
Science as Inquiry
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry (Grades 5 - 8)
Life Science
Reproduction and heredity (Grades 5 - 8)