Ohio Resource Center
A is for Apple: Building Letter-Recognition Fluency
Kindergarten, 1
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Professional Commentary

Most letter names are similar to the sounds they make, so knowing letter names is helpful in the development of letter-sound recognition.  Kindergarten programs often include letter-recognition fluency as an important part of their early literacy program.  This lesson consists of three 60 minute sessions, designed to make letter-recognition effective while keeping it fun through a variety of activities.  The activities include a letter hunt, class and partner activities, the creation of an alphabet book, and the use of interactive alphabet sites.  Modifications are suggested for special education and ELL students.  Home activities are listed to encourage parent involvement and the additional reinforcement of concepts.  The author also provides ideas for extensions and assessments. (author/jlkrause)

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
Kindergarten–Grade 5
Reading: Foundational Skills
Print Concepts
Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
  1. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
  2. Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
  3. Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
  4. Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.
Grade 1
Print Concepts
Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
  1. Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
  1. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
  2. Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
  3. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Ohio English Language Arts Standards (2001)
Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition and Fluency Standard
Benchmarks (K–3)
Use letter-sound correspondence knowledge and structural analysis to decode words.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade Kindergarten)
Distinguish and name all upper- and lower-case letters.
Recognize, say and write the common sounds of letters.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 1)
Demonstrate an understanding of letter-sound correspondence by saying the sounds from all letters and from a variety of letter patterns, such as consonant blends and long- and short-vowel patterns, and by matching sounds to the corresponding letters.